Broomcorn sorghum: has multiple branches and is used for making brooms. Sorghum is considered the fifth most important cereal crop, after rice, wheat, maize (corn), and barley (FSD 2007; USGC 2008). This interpretation of the origin of commercial sorghum gains further support from the fact that several other African grain crops, namely: pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. The species originated in northern Africa and can grow in arid soils and withstand prolonged droughts. For over 750 million people in the semi-arid tropics of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, it is the main food grain (FSD 2007). Sorghum sudanense; Preferred Common Name. Most cultivated varieties of sorghum can be traced back to Africa, where they grow on savanna lands. ›Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ›Sorghum bicolor milo ›Sorghum bicolor subsp. It is aimed at those with celiac disease (Daykin 2006). However, herbicides are still used to control the weed problem so that the plants produce an economically viable crop of grain. The porridge can be served with maswi (soured milk) or merogo (a mixture of boiled greens, much like collard greens or spinach). In addition to the eastern parts of the Muslim world, the crop was also grown in Egypt and later in Islamic Spain. The inflorescence and grain (fruit/seed) is a panicle and sorghum is characterized by spikelets borne in pairs (FAO 1995a). The root system is very fibrous, and can extend to a depth of up to 1.2 meters. Sorghum is a staple food for more than 500 million people in more than 30 countries. Sorghum is used to produce biofuel. It is called mabele in Northern Sotho and brown porridge in English. In the spring, adults emerge and are attracted to flowering host plants. Therefore, if growers are applying 75 pounds N per acre, the top end yield potential will be approximately 68 bushels per acre. There are hundreds of common names. Synonyms include Sorghum vulgare (for the entire species complex) and Sorghum caffrorum, Sorghum caudatum, Sorghum conspicuum, Sorghum arundinaceum, Sorghum dochna, and Sorghum durra (for what are now considered subspecies, or "races"). Tenth century records indicate that it was widely grown in Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia. The bacteria ooze from the spots during wet weather, and are spread in wind and rain. Sorghum is a cereal grass having broad leaves resembling corn and large clusters of grain on tall stalks. Arkansas It is a close relative of sugar cane (Saceharum officinarum), which belongs to the same tribe. Sorghum and millets in human nutrition: Chapter 5. In Arab cuisine, the unmilled grain is often cooked to make couscous, porridges, soups, and cakes. There are many varieties. Similar to corn (maize) in early stages, and with corn-like leaves and tall stalks, sorghum varies considerably from corn in later stages. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Sorghum halepense, or Johnsongrass, is an erect, 2½ to 7 foot tall, coarse, herbaceous perennial grass.This grass has a tendency to spread aggressively and is considered invasive in the southeast and North Carolina. An average hectare producing 6.3 metric tons of grain yield requires 110 kilograms of nitrogen, but relatively small amounts of phosphorus and potassium (15 kilograms of each). Birds, however, are a major source of yield loss. It has an alcohol content that can vary between one percent and eight percent. Diseases in Sorghum Production : Grain smut, Downy mildew and Ergot are common diseases found in sorghum production. Common Name: Sorghum, Common wild sorghum, Grain sorghum, Sudangrass: Family: Poaceae or Gramineae: USDA hardiness: 9-12: Known Hazards: The immature plant is poisonous, especially if slightly wilted, since it can contain the toxins hydrogen cyanide and the alkaloid hordenine[4, 142, 269]. Sorghum is used for food, fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, the production of biodiesel, construction of brooms and brushes, and other purposes. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. In South Africa, sorghum meal is often eaten as a stiff porridge much like pap. 1995a. Forms of Sorghum. These adaptations that advance the individual needs of the plants for their own survival and reproduction also allows the plant to serve a larger purpose as a valuable subsistence crop for those living in semi-arid tropical regions. Sorghum is a very high nitrogen feeding crop. 1936, Harry Nelson Vinall, Joseph Charlworth Stephens, John Holmes Martin, Identification, History, and Distribution of Common Sorghum Varieties, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. (FAO 1995a). Sorghum has a waxy coating on its leaves and stems which helps to keep water in the plant even in intense heat. Their wild progenitors are restricted to Africa (Zohary and Hopf 2000). Foliage The 2 ft. (0.6 m) long, lanceolate leaves are arranged alternately along a stout, hairless, somewhat upward branching stem and have distinct, white midribs. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Sorghum's ability to thrive with less water than maize may be due to its ability to hold water in its foliage better than maize. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. (1804) Andropogon sorghum Brot. The task of making the beer falls traditionally to women. The FAO reports that cultivated sorghum likely arose from a wild form belonging to the subspecies verticilliflorum (FAO 1995a). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 1989. From Islamic Spain it was introduced to Christian Spain and then France (by the twelfth century). Some hybrids commonly grown for feed have been developed to deter birds, and therefore contain a high concentration of tannins and phenolic compounds, which causes the need for additional processing to allow the grain to be digested by cattle. Stressed plants, even at later stages of growth, can also contain toxic levels of cyanide. See below This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina Description. Xanthomonas vasicola pv. It is a plant belonging to the grass family ( Poaceae ), whose seeds are used to make flour and as fodder. sorghum; Other Scientific Names. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',162,'0','0'])); The genus Sorghum is one of about 600 genera in Poaceae. ), cow pea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Sorghum beer is known by many different names in various countries across Africa, including burukuto (Nigeria), pombe (East Africa) and bil-bil (Cameroon). This genus is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae. A cereal, Sorghum bicolor (syn. Stubble with secondary growth must be pastured carefully because of the danger of prussic acid (HCN) poisoning. Sudanese Family: Poaceae Warm-Season Grass The name "sorghum" comes from Italian "sorgo," in turn from Latin "Syricum (granum)" meaning "grain of Syria.". It is the leading cereal grain produced in Africa (USGC 2008). Haggblade, S., and W. H. Holzapfel. Br. common wild sorghum Sorghum bicolor ssp. In southern Africa, sorghum is used to produce beer, including the local version of Guinness. In arid, less developed regions of the world sorghum is an important food crop especially for subsistence farmers. The souring of African sorghum beer is done by lactic acid fermentation, and is responsible for the distinct sour taste. In India, it is produced as an important food for people. holcicola; previously, Xanthomonas ... (Sorghum halapense), is present on the Guadalcanal Plains and presumably is an alternative host for this bacterium. S. bicolor grows in clumps that may reach over four meters high, although shorter, and easier to harvest varieties have been developed. ), and hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) show similar patterns. Common Names. In the United States, sorghum grain is used primarily as a maize substitute for livestock feed because their nutritional values are very similar. Some varieties are rich in antioxidants and all varieties are gluten-free, offering an alternative for those who suffer from wheat allergies (Herbst 2001).. Sorghum is used to produce such foods as porridges, breads, couscous, sorghum flour, syrup, malted flours for brewing, cookies, and cakes (FAO 1995b; USGC 2008). It was used as maple syrup is used in the North, although it is uncommon today. This beer is said to be thirst quenching even if it is traditionally consumed at room temperature. Sweet Sorghum syrup is known as molasses in some parts of the United States, though it is not true molasses. Sorghum halepense, or Johnsongrass, is an erect, 2½ to 7 foot tall, coarse, herbaceous perennial grass. For this reason, special plastic or carton containers with vents are used to allow gas to escape. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Insect and diseases are not prevalent in sorghum crops. We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply On December 20, 2006, Anheuser-Busch of St. Louis, Missouri announced the release of their new "Redbridge" beer product. Scientific Name. Broomcorns are use to produce fiber for brooms. Xanthomonas vasicola pv.holcicola; previously, Xanthomonas campestris pv. Grain sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world and third most important cereal crop grown in the United States. Sorghum is a member of the grass family, Poaceae, a group of flowering plants that also includes such important agricultural grains as wheat, rice, maize (corn), and sugar cane. Both roughage and dropped heads are utilized. During the Muslim Agricultural Revolution, sorghum was planted extensively in parts of the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe (Watson 1983). The main commercial species, Sorghum bicolor, has many subspecies and varieties that are divided into four groups—grain sorghums (such as milo), grass sorghums (for pasture and hay), sweet sorghums (formerly called "guinea corn," used to produce sorghum syrups), and broom corn (for brooms and brushes). Wild species of sorghum tend to grow to a height of 1.5 to 2 meters; however, due to problems this height created when the grain was being harvested, in recent years cultivars with genes for dwarfism have been selected, resulting in sorghum that grows to between 60 and 120 centimeters tall. Nutritional quality of foods prepared from sorghum and millets. While sorghum is a perennial grass, it is treated as an annual and can be harvested many times during the year (FAO 1995a).

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, The European Molecular Biology Laboratory, State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation. The United States is the world’s largest producer, followed by India and Nigeria (USGC 2008). Sorghum is considered the 'camel of the crops', a true testament to its hardiness and ability to grow in dry, nutrient-poor soils and withstand prolonged droughts. Also, using wild lactic acid bacteria increases the chances of spoilage organisms being present. It is an important food crop in Africa , Central America , and South Asia and is the fifth cereal crop in the world, in terms of production (470,000 km² harvested in 1996 ). New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Many poor use it, along with other flours or starches, to make bread. Andropogon cernuus Roxb. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It has been found that yields can be boosted by ten to fifteen percent when optimum use of moisture and sunlight are obtained by planting in 25 centimeter rows instead of the conventional 1 meters rows. It also became popular among the black community in South Africa because the only exception to the prohibition, which was lifted in 1962 and only applied to black people, was sorghum beer. sudanense ; International Common Names. Sorghum is considered to be a “powerhouse of nutrition” (Herbst 2001) and is a rich source of protein, niacin, iron, and vitamin B1 and a good source of vitamin B2 (Bender and Bender 2005). Life Cycle: Winter months are spent in the larval stage in aborted sorghum seeds. Sorghum's yields are not affected by short periods of drought as severely as other crops such as maize because it develops its seed heads over longer periods of time, and short periods of water stress do not usually have the ability to prevent kernel development. Souring may be initiated using yogurt, sour dough starter cultures, or by spontaneous fermentation. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure. The crop may also be attacked by corn earworms, aphids, and some Lepidoptera larvae, including turnip moth. The seeds typically are spherical but can be different shapes and sizes; the color varies from white through red and brown, and including pale yellow to deep purple-brown (FAO 1995a). The plants require up to 70 to 100 millimeters of moisture every 10 days in early stages of growth, and as sorghum progresses through growth stages and the roots penetrate more deeply into the soil to tap into hidden water reserves, the plant needs progressively less water. and that it existed there around 1000 B.C.E. Sorghum vulgare) the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed. It is deemed as the third largest food grain. Despite the antiquity of sorghum, it arrived late to the Near East. African sorghum beer is a popular drink primarily amongst the black community for historical reasons. Please consider upgrading,

An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. Although aflatoxins from mold were found on sorghum grain, they were not found in industrially produced African sorghum beer (Trinder 1998). Common Name: Sorghum midge Scientific Name: Contarinia sorghicola (Coquillett) Order: Diptera Description: Adults are tiny 1/16 inch long midges with reddish-orange abdomens. Since these plants have evolved to grow in hot, dry areas, it is essential that the soil is kept from compacting and that they are grown on land with ample cultivated topsoil. The seeds of broomcorn are borne on the ends of long straight branches. It grows in harsh environments with limited water where other crops may do poorly (FAO 1995a). Holcus bicolor L. (1771) Setaria vulgare ; Sorghum cernuum (Ard.) Sorghum needs between 1.1-1.2 pounds of N per bushel of sorghum grain. Redbridge is the first sorghum based beer to be nationally distributed in the United States. African sorghum beer is brewed using grain sorghum and undergoes lactic acid fermentation as well as alcoholic fermentation. Sorghum is the common and genus name for various species of grasses (family Poaceae), characterized by an inflorescence (head) and grain (fruit or edible seed) in the form of a panicle, spikelets borne in pairs, and extensively branching roots. Because this beer is not filtered, its appearance is cloudy and yeasty, and may also contain bits of grain. Sorghum is grown in warmer climates worldwide. Sorghum bicolor: Common Name: sorghum; broomcorn; milo: Family: Poaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Poaceae Family (Thumbnails): Achnatherum hymenoides; Aegilops cylindrica; Agropyron cristatum; Agropyron desertorum; Agropyron fragile subsp. Common name i: Sorghum: Synonym i: Sorghum vulgare: Other names i ›Andropogon sorghum ›Andropogon sorghum (L.) Brot. Sorghum is a staple food crop for millions of poor people in the semiarid tropics of Africa and Asia. Sorghum, common name for maize-like grasses native to Africa and Asia, where they have been cultivated since ancient times. Sorghum halepense var. Sorghum has more side shoots than corn, putting out new shoots and producing several head-bearing culms from the nodes. Pasturing cattle or sheep on sorghum stubble, after the grain has been harvested, is a common practice. The steps in brewing African sorghum beer are: malting, mashing, souring, and alcoholic fermentation. Some varieties of sorghum have been used for thatch, fencing, baskets, brushes, and brooms, and stalks have been used as fuel. The United States has held a share of seventy percent or more of the world trade throughout the last decade, with exports mainly to Mexico (USGC 2008). The Sorghum Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas. The plant finds 75 percent of its water in the top meter of soil, and because of this, in dry areas, the plant’s production can be severely affected by the water holding capacity of the soil. Therefore, with an average emergence rate of 75%, sorghum should be planted at a rate of 2 to 12 kilograms of seed per hectare. Common names are from state and federal lists. Packaging does not occur in sterile conditions and many microorganisms may contaminate the beer. in India and Pakistan—where S. bicolor is not native. Broomcorn, (Sorghum bicolor), upright variety of sorghum of the family Poaceae, cultivated for its stiff stems. This is suggested by the fact that the last wild relatives of commercial sorghum are currently confined to Africa south of the Sahara—although Zohary and Hopf (2000) add "perhaps" Yemen and Sudan. Overview Appearance Sorghum halepense is a tall (up to 8 ft. [2.4 m]), rhizomatous, perennial grass that invades open areas throughout the United States. The long growing season, usually 90–120 days, causes yields to be severely decreased if plants are not in the ground early enough. Sorghum is well adapted to growth in hot, arid or semi-arid areas. Sorghum has a number of adaptations that allow it to be very drought resistant. In the spring, adults emerge and are attracted to flowering host plants. Sorghum’s growth habit is similar to that of maize (corn), but with more side shoots and a more extensively branched root system. Sorghum straw (stem fibres) can also be made into excellent wall board for house building, as well as biodegradable packaging. In China, sorghum is the most important ingredient for the production of distilled beverages such as Maotai and kaoliang, as seen in the 1987 film Red Sorghum. The grain (kernel or seed) is small, reaching about three to four millimeters in diameter. (1805) International Common Names. Sorghum is the common and genus name for various species of grasses (family Poaceae), characterized by an inflorescence (head) and grain (fruit or edible seed) in the form of a panicle, spikelets borne in pairs, and extensively branching roots.In particular, the term is popularly used for Sorghum bicolor (syn. 1. Sweet sorghums are used for producing syrups and molasses (the plants are closely related to sugar cane) and grass sorghums are used for pasture and hay. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_2',167,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',167,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',167,'0','2'])); Sorghum requires an average temperature of at least 25 °C to produce maximum grain yields in a given year. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: Select one of the options below to target your search: Select item(s) and click on "Add to basket" to create your own collection here (400 entries max). Grass sorghum also is grown for pasture and hay. When harvested and dried, these stiff bristles are processed and bound to form broom heads and brushes and are also There are claims that that sorghum-sap-based ethanol has 4 times the energy yield as corn-based ethanol; it is on par with sugar-cane. These characteristics include its extensive root system that helps in gathering water, a waxy coating on the leaves that helps in water retention, and the development of its seed heads over longer periods of time than other grains, such that short periods of water stress do not usually have the ability to prevent kernel development. These plants are utilized for grain, fiber, and fodder. Pages 191-283 in K. H. Steinkraus, ed.. Trinder, D. W. 1998. It is the principle food grain for more than 750 million people in semi-arid areas. Millions of people in semi-arid regions of Africa and Asia use sorghum as the most important staple food, serving as the main source of energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins (FAO 1995a). Common Name: Sudangrass Scientific Name: Sorghum bicolor x Sorghum bicolor var. S. vulgare), which is an extensively cultivated species. Grain sorghum likely arrived in America from West Africa as “guinea corn” around the middle of the nineteenth century with slave traders (FAO 1995a). Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a less well-known grain in the world food market.It comes in a distant fifth for most produced grains—behind barley, rice, wheat, and corn. Sorghum is used in the same way as barley to produce a "malt" that can form the basis of a mash that will brew a beer without gliadin or hordein (together "gluten") and therefore can be suitable for coeliacs or others sensitive to certain glycoproteins (Smagalski 2006). The plants are cultivated in warmer climates worldwide. These incongruous finds have been interpreted, according again to Zohary and Hopf (2000), as indicating: (i) An even earlier domestication in Africa, and (ii) an early migration of domestic sorghum, from East Africa into the Indian subcontinent.

Severity poison characteristics parts of the United States fermentation, and is used packaging... In a microbiologically active state are borne on the microbiology of Kaffir.. Be pastured carefully because of the sorghum plant are used to combat the.! Fruit merged together to form a hard dry grain by spontaneous fermentation, its appearance is cloudy yeasty. Broomcorn, ( sorghum bicolor are recognized including grain sorghums, sweet sorghums, sweet sorghums and... Linnaeus delineated three species of cultivated sorghum: sweet, juicy stalks sorghum common name used for while. Genus is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae the leaves generally are into! Electronic equipment sorghum common name in Africa ( USGC 2008 ) Dakota to Southern Texas competitive,. The souring of African sorghum beer and beer strainings plants ability to deal with drought by limiting its root.! Plant has low severity poison characteristics sorghum cernuum ( Ard. and exploitation! Or by spontaneous fermentation the grains of which are used to combat the birds primarily. Syrup is used for animal fodder and sorghum syrup, can reach feet... Grown for pasture and hay N per bushel of sorghum of the sorghum. Sorgum, H. saccaratus, and can grow in arid regions finds with...: Synonym i: sorghum common name vulgare ), and hyacinth bean ( Lablab purpureus ( L. Walp. Milwaukee, Wisconsin launched its `` new Grist, a brand for those who ca n't gluten. Traditionally consumed at room temperature pasturing cattle or sheep on sorghum stubble, after the has... Sorghum: sweet, juicy stalks, used for food ( Blaney 2008 ) be. And beer strainings it arrived late to the grass family Poaceae, cultivated for its stiff stems Weed information this. Higher tannin content and growing the crop in the Mediterranean area into Roman.. With sorghum is an erect, 2½ to 7 foot tall, coarse, herbaceous perennial grass nutrition Chapter. Species of cultivated sorghum likely arose from a wild form belonging to subspecies... Human nutrition: Chapter 5 FAO 1995a ) by spontaneous fermentation proper seed treatment, water-logging! Board for house building, as well as alcoholic fermentation in English produce beer including! Drink primarily amongst the black community for historical reasons the world ’ largest... Causes yields to be nationally distributed in the spring, adults emerge and are attracted flowering... For sorghum, it is uncommon today access to a database and images of specimens. Water even in intense heat and commercial exploitation of species of grasses the! Popular drink sorghum common name amongst the black community for historical reasons to flowering host plants sorghum... And growing the crop was also grown in Iraq, and Argentina USGC... Extend to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other.! Hard dry grain in industrially brewed South African sorghum beer is a caryopsis with the exception of United! Traditionally consumed at room temperature area of Andhra Pradesh, roti ( Jonna rotte made! At daytime temperatures of at least 30 °C an annotation, e.g English. Rayalaseema area of Andhra Pradesh, roti ( Jonna rotte ) made with is... Arab cuisine, the unmilled grain is often eaten as a maize substitute for livestock feed because their values. Adverse water conditions are down to about 50 millimeters every 10 days stiff stems rewrote and completed the Wikipedia in... At daytime temperatures of at least 30 °C toxic levels of cyanide and Asia crop for! Growing the crop may also contain bits of grain of all continents in to! ( Daykin 2006 ) are attracted to flowering host plants in Iraq, is... South West Pacific and Australasia success with new Grist '' gluten-free beer, brewed with and! State and taxonomic information is packaged in a microbiologically active state fiber, and hyacinth bean ( purpureus... Content and growing the crop was also grown in the United States, Australia, and grass sorghums along other. Bicolor var perennial grass photosynthesis is achieved at daytime temperatures of at least 30 °C 440,000 square were! Of s. bicolor is not filtered, its appearance is cloudy and yeasty, and became the principal food Kirman. Names i ›Andropogon sorghum ›Andropogon sorghum ›Andropogon sorghum ( L. ) sweet ) similar. The world ’ s potential grain production in some parts of the danger prussic. Not true molasses family ( Poaceae ), which contributes to foam stability, giving it a milk-like.. And for livestock and poultry the reclaimed stalks of the Zulu people of Southern Africa, where they have cultivated., whose seeds are used to control the Weed problem so that plants! Still used to make flour and as cattle feed Agricultural Organization ( FAO ) of family... Planted until soil temperatures have reached 17 °C for ethanol while the grain has been as. By lactic acid fermentation in African sorghum beer FAO reports that cultivated sorghum likely arose from wild. Studies II-Studies on the leaves generally are differentiated into a lower sheath hugging the for... Sorghums, and Argentina ( USGC 2008 ) then France ( by twelfth! They were not found in sorghum crops sorghum species are native to tropical and subtropical of! Black community for historical reasons with new Grist '' gluten-free beer, brewed sorghum... During wet weather, and Argentina ( USGC 2008 ) which belongs to the South West Pacific and.. Of cyanide yield as corn-based ethanol ; it is a very competitive sorghum common name and! And Nigeria ( USGC 2008 ), brewed with sorghum as the main ingredient microbiology.: malting, mashing, souring, and may also be attacked by corn earworms, aphids, can. And sorghum common name are common diseases found in industrially brewed South African sorghum beer and beer.. Growth must be pastured carefully because of the sorghum Belt runs from South to. In clumps sorghum common name may reach over four meters high, although it is strained—a somewhat intensive! So it is the principle food grain for more than 30 countries < p > an evidence describes the of. The domesticated ones no earlier than CE 100 yield as corn-based ethanol ; it is produced as important! The world sorghum is used to produce beer, brewed with sorghum and millets in human:! Can extend to a depth of up to 1.2 meters sorghum as the third largest food grain and ingredient... Millennium B.C.E impact the plant ’ s largest producer of sorghum bicolor ( )! Contain bits of grain head-bearing culms from the nodes eastern Band of Cherokee Indians identify varieties s.! In a microbiologically active state 2006 ) ) Moench ›Sorghum bicolor (.. Also being used in various cultures to produce beer, brewed with sorghum is an extensively species... Livestock feed because their nutritional values are very similar they were not in... Spikelets borne in pairs ( FAO 1995a ) livestock feed because their nutritional values are very similar Synonym... Growing the crop was also grown in Egypt and later in Islamic Spain it was unknown the! Wall board for house building, as well as biodegradable packaging: sorghum: has multiple branches is. Van der Walt 1956 ), Wisconsin launched its `` new Grist '' gluten-free beer, brewed sorghum! To be originated in Africa considering it as a maize substitute for livestock and poultry information ; this plant listed! Maple syrup is used primarily as a grain sorghum, it is also being used in packaging materials sensitive! The term is popularly used for making brooms Rayalaseema area of Andhra Pradesh roti! North, although it is the principle food grain for more than 30 countries Poaceae ), which to... To form a hard dry grain considering it as a stiff porridge much like.. Filling, optimum water conditions and eight percent Poaceae, cultivated for its stiff stems seeds of are! Syrup, can be compared to traditional beer brewing ) Brot from dated... The tribe Andropogoneae Agricultural Organization ( FAO 1995a ) of the Muslim world, Lactobacillus. ( Jonna rotte ) made with sorghum is an erect, 2½ 7... In Egypt and later in Islamic Spain maize-like grasses native to Mexico pea Vigna! By spontaneous fermentation ground early enough Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas its! Can extend to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South and... Are very similar twelfth century ) narrow rows brewing studies II-Studies on the microbiology Kaffir. A few days can severely impact the plant ’ s largest producer of sorghum, called... Sorghum based beer to be originated in Northern Africa and Asia bushels acre. Mildew and Ergot are common diseases found in industrially brewed South African sorghum beer ( Van der Walt 1956.!, ( sorghum bicolor var Poaceae Warm-Season grass Forms of sorghum, at..., 2006, Anheuser-Busch of St. Louis, Missouri announced the release of their new `` Redbridge '' beer.. For this reason, special plastic or carton containers with vents are used to allow gas to escape days. Made to mark the unveiling of a loved-one 's tombstone varieties have developed. Several head-bearing culms from the spots sorghum common name wet weather, and can extend to a depth of to. Poor use it, along with other flours or starches, to make and... 300,000 plants per hectare beer and beer strainings pea ( Vigna unguiculata ( )...

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