This new paradigm can help the Army focus on what capabilities it will need in the future for such operations. The eruption of violence threatened to draw U.S. forces into a battle in a closely packed urban area inhabited by an estimated 2.4 million people, many of whom strongly supported the GoI's main antagonist, Moqtada al-Sadr. A total of 465 Mahdi Army fighters have been confirmed killed in and around Sadr City since March 25. Feel free to email the site/content author at admin@themilitaryleader.com. However, insurgents still enjoyed considerable freedom of movement making allied forces vulnerable to attack from unsecured portions of Sadr City. Rob MacMillan. In 2008, Lt. Col. MacMillan was serving as the battalion operations officer of 1-68 Armor in 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. But there’s a problem in that our mental map doesn’t always align with “the real map”… i.e. The enemy had achieved surprise and units were sustaining casualties. U.S. forces launched an ambitious program of reconstruction intended to convince Sadr City's population to transfer its loyalties to the Government of Iraq. The 2008 battle for Sadr City offers a different model, in which the challenges were even more formidable than those posed by Grozny and Fallujah. The brigade was deployed to Baghdad, Iraq, where it took part in the battle of Sadr City. Stahl, Leslie, "The Battle of Sadr City," 60 Minutes, October 12, 2008. “Sadr City right now is like a city of ghosts,” Abu Haider al-Bahadili, a Mahdi Army leader told the Washington Post by phone. On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view mobi files. This revenue is used to offset costs associated with maintaining The Military Leader site. Johnson, David E., M. Wade Markel, and Brian Shannon, The 2008 Battle of Sadr City: Reimagining Urban Combat. Success in this battle solidified Iraqi government control over all of Baghdad and throughout Iraq, creating conditions that enabled the United States to realize contemporary operational objectives in Iraq. RAND is nonprofit, nonpartisan, and committed to the public interest. GOTTA SEE THIS-War Endur.Freedom 8/7/04-Basra,Najaf,Sadr City Yahoo, AP, Reuters, and the usual suspects, and many brave photographers | 8/87/04 | President Bush and the valiant US Military with the Armies of Good against the Axis of Evil . Naziha al-Dulaimiwas instrumental in turning the vast slums of eastern Baghdad into a massive public works and housing project that came to be known as Revolution … Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2013. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR160.html. This mental map is our unique perspective of the world. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. In late March 2008, a Shi'a uprising in Baghdad's Sadr City district challenged the authority of the Government of Iraq (GoI) at its heart. Protecting the population requires a balance between offensive, defensive, and stability operations. Heavy armored forces have enduring utility in counterinsurgency and urban operations. GOTTA SEE THIS - War for Enduring Freedom 8/7/04 - Basra, Najaf, Sadr City The leader of the uprising offered a cease-fire, though many individuals kept fighting. The essential point is that sometimes there is a fate lying just around the corner that we have never, EVER considered, but will have to react to. Forcing noncombatants to evacuate was not an option there was nowhere for them to go. Urban counterinsurgency requires forces to transition rapidly between offensive, defensive, and stability operations. As the fighting started on April 4, 2004, militiamen ambushed a 1st Cavalry Division patrol and Iraqi policewere expelled from three police stations in Sadr City. Sadr and his political movement have become increasingly isolated since the fighting began in Basrah, Baghdad, and the South. John Spencer | 03.06.20. In late March 2008, a Shi0́9a uprising in Baghdad0́9s Sadr City district challenged the authority of the Government of Iraq (GoI) at its heart. On April 4, al-Sadr issued a statement calling on his supporters to stop staging demonstration… The battle forced units that had been mainly focused on counterinsurgency operations to convert overnight into combined-arms teams of armor and mechanized infantry and engage a large […] Snipers remain an important enabler in urban operations. The command deployed additional assets from surrounding areas and blocked the routes in/out of the city, then platoons fought their way north to reclaim a key road. However, the coalition's defeat of Jaish al-Mahdi after six weeks of high-intensity fighting offers important lessons for the U.S. Army as it prepares for future operations. The Jaish al Mahdi (JAM) overran GoI outposts in the district and barraged the International Zone with short-range rockets. But as the saying goes, the enemy gets a vote…and Muqtada al-Sadr’s vote came at the end of March, when he unleashed an hourly barrage of rocket, mortar, IED, RPG, and gunfire attacks on the Green Zone and units in the area. Members of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division and elements of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment were sent out to retake them. M16 rifle (19,434 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article 101st Airborne troopers on patrol with M4s in Sadr City, Iraq, c. 2006. The fighting has not abated in Sadr City and other Mahdi Army-dominated neighborhoods in northern and eastern Baghdad. “Operation Salam is going in accordance with well-planned and organized steps,” Major General Qassem Atta told Voices of Iraq. the real world. From March 23 to May 12, 2008, US Army and Iraqi security forces engaged in an intense urban battle in and around Baghdad’s Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City. In the fourth episode of MWI’s Urban Warfare Project podcast, John Spencer is joined by retired Lt. Col. Even as American and Iraqi troops are fighting to establish control of the Sadr City section of this capital, the Iraqi government's program to restore basic services like electricity, sewage and trash collection is lagging, jeopardizing the effort to win over the area's wary residents. Your email address will not be published. U.S. casualties and collateral damage could have been substantial. Intelligence efforts, of course, seek to discover these initiatives, but leaders must live in a state of open-ended readiness to adjust and lead their organizations through change. Amazon Kindle is the most popular reader for mobi files. DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Chapter V Alphabetical Listing of Blocked Persons, Specially Designated Nationals, Specially Designated Terrorists, Specially Designated Global Terrorists, Foreign Terrorist Organizations, and Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers AGENCY:. He. Johnson, David E., M. Wade Markel, and Brian Shannon, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Family Caregivers Should Be Integrated into the Health Care Team, Allies Growing Closer: Japan-Europe Security Ties in the Age of Strategic Competition, A Message from Our President, Medical Mistrust, Insulin Prices: RAND Weekly Recap, Benefits and Applications of a Standardized Definition of High-Quality Care, A Bell That Can't Be Unrung: The CARES Act and Unemployment Insurance, Patients Log On to See Their Own Doctors During the Pandemic, Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs, Helping Coastal Communities Plan for Climate Change, Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK. The Iraqi security forces have entered the northern regions of Sadr City on Tuesday. Further information: Iraq spring fighting of 2008 and Siege of Sadr City In March 2008, during the Battle of Basra , clashes erupted in Sadr City between the U.S. and the Mahdi Army . I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. Please note: I reserve the right to delete comments that are offensive or off-topic. Hundreds of Shi'ites loyal to al-Sadr gathered outdoors [on July 25, 2008] for Friday noon prayer and a heated sermon by an imam in al-Sadr's movement. Persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; technical intelligence; and precision-strike capabilities enable the attacker to seize the initiative. We needed a new plan, and fast. Calibre is an example of a free and open source e-book library management application. We were in a comfort zone. 2008, Sadr City appeared to operate like a separate nation, where Sadr’s word was synonymous with the law. The people that died are the ones who failed to update their mental maps to their new situation. This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. The active portion of the insurgency was weakened in key ways. The next day thousands of Iraqis rallied outside the offices of Al-Hawza in support of the newspaper. ... a 26-year-old resident of the Shiite slum of Sadr City where 21 people were killed in the most deadly incident of the day. Eight US troops were killed and 51 more wounded in the bloody battle. Gonzales relates numerous accounts in which people found themselves in survival situations and continued to cling to their old reality…the one where they were still sitting safely in a plane at 30,000 feet…or the one where a bear hadn’t just wrecked their campsite leaving them stranded. By an Army Infantry officer with 20 years experience and four deployments to Iraq/Afghanistan author... Mounted mine detectors between the U.S. Army in terms of the uprising offered a cease-fire, though many kept. Enemy had achieved surprise and units were sustaining casualties Military or the United States Army and conducted by RAND. 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